Shacklock Orion Coal Range #2 with tile surround

TM # 318027606

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Shacklock Orion Coal Ranges #2 with tile surround:

Fake shot: I superimposed a wooden surround to give an idea what it looks like fitted:
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Fire doors:
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Open this one to raise temperature by providing more air to the fire:
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Load fuel through here:
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Dual rings:
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Rings dual:
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Does anyone read this:
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The quick brown fox...:
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The left, rear & right sides of the fire box are the wetback; the fire is nestled in the water jacket.
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Ash pan in:
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Ash pan out:
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Top surface...
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Brass screws & tile fasteners.
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The front of this rack has its original brass covering but this rack is not the original part.
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The wetback connections.
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Second "element":
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An antique american hot plate lifter tool:
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Shacklock coal ranges:
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Here you see the oven by-pass lever which protrudes out the front of the oven. See next 2 images:
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This is the normal position. Hot gasses circulate 5 sides of oven:
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This is by-pass mode; hot gasses go over top of the oven and straight up the flue. Used for starting the oven by heating the flue or cooling the oven once flue is hot & oven is too hot.
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Pot rest (aka: foot rest) :
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Oven with (possibly original) tray:
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Front shot:
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Flue normal mode, no impedement to flow:
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Flue in dampened mode, good for overnight smoulder:
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Random shot:
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Hot plate lifter.:
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Fake tap! Well it's a real tap off a real Orion coal range but it's just "stuck" on with a high-power magnet. Have a look at the illustrations below and you will see that they display the non-wetback coal range as it has the brass tap on the front. Taps look cool!
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Comment by yabbies1: We have the same coal range that we installed in our house and run 4 radiators off it perfectly. So we have one cylinder with a copper coil heat exchanger inside so that the radiator water is seperate from the house hot water. Then a very small pump [Grundfos Circulating Pump ~$200] which i have on a timer so things go on and off as i want. Lovely radiant prepaid heat.
Radiators & your wetback:

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What is an Injector Tee?

A venturi coupling which behaves like a valve. In the diagram on the left below the flow is right to left as well as down to left. Without the injector flow could be from right to left as well as right to up (undesired).

What is a tempering valve?

A self-contained thermostaticly limited mixer that combines hot and cold feeds to automatically output a maximum temperature. An anti-scald device. Important when you can have boiling water in your tank. Usually the kitchen and laundry are not fed off this device so as to have hot water.


An Auckland based company that makes the flues and all related stuff: Sheetmetal Fabricated Products

An Auckland based company that sells all coal range related stuff: Broady's


Te Ara Encyclopedia of New Zealand

Cooking with Coal

Building the new world

Dictionary of New Zealand Biography

Interesting / related stuff

An advertisement for Shacklock's 'Orion' in Stone's Directory, 1889.

Evening Post, 1891, Page 4

Advertisement circa 1880
Ornate fire doors, ornate skirting, tile surround.

Wanganui Herald, 1901, Page 4

The 'newer' "IMPd" (Improved) No.1 coal range with all the trimmings:
Ornate fire doors, ornate skirting, tile surround.
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An advert for how the wetback plumbs in:
Ornate fire doors, ornate skirting.
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Top of coal range flue to chimney pipe adaptor info: About $140 but note that shacklock 501 and centenial and champion DL42 can run on 150mm dia flue, early champion and shacklock no 1 no 2 etc need 175mm.

Coving Dimensions Trivia

The long back coving for a No2 should be around 25 inches.
The long back coving for a No1 should be around 20 inches.
The 4" high short coving is the pre 1910 small size.
The taller one is post 1910 Big coving.

Coal Range Instructions

From: "Every Girl's Cookery Book" compiled by Home Science Teachers, Southland Education Board
1. To make fire burn : (a) Have chimney damper vertical. (b) Have oven damper out. 2. To heat the oven : (a) Have the chimney damper vertical. (b) Have the oven damper in. 3. To bank the fire or cool the oven : (a) Have the chmney damper horizontal. (b) Have the oven damper in. To cool the oven further : (a) Place a pan of water at the bottom of the oven. (b) If necessary, place a second pan of water higher in the oven. Note : That the coal oven is at slightly different temperature at different parts. the temperature is higher at the top, and at the side nearest the fire-box.

From: A Manual of Home-Making Pg 210
  Coal range.
A coal range which has as much insulation as possible should be selected to avoid waste of heat. Over 90 per cent of the heat generated in the ordinary kitchen range is usually lost. Ashes should be shaken down gently, leaving a thin layer of half-burned coal in the bottom of the grate, or if the coal is burned out, a thin layer of fresh coal may be placed upon the bottom of the grate. Usually a half turn of the grate is suffi- cient to shake down the ashes without shaking out any half- burned coals. In keeping a fire in a range, it is better to add a small amount of coal each time and fire often. The bed of live coals should not be entirely covered with coal but spaces should be left through which enough heat can pass to fire the gases as they distill off from the new coal; gases that go up the chimney are lost. The grates should be kept clean and clear of clinkers, and caking of ashes and cinders at the bottom of the fire should be avoided. In kindling a fire, crumpled paper or shavings may be used, across which kindling is laid in a way to provide air spaces; a few pieces of hard wood are added to the kindling and a little coal, followed by more later.

Shacklock '501'

* THE '501' RANGE has been designed with a very much greater degree of air
  control than any of its predecessors, and thus will not only operate on much
  less fuel, but can also be left burning quietly for very long periods without the
  fire going out.  This excellent feature does, however, mean that it has to be
  installed with a much greater attention to detail than our earlier ranges.  Time
  spent when installing the range to ensure that there are no air leaks into the
  chimney will be rewarded by economy and satisfaction in its use.  The salient
  point is that air should only enter the system through the air intake.  No air
  should leave the top of the chimney which has not travelled through the fire.
  Hence a perfect air seal around the body of the range is desireable for
  utmost efficiency and economy.

1. Unit to be installed to N.Z. Standard 7421 (1985) 2918

2. Check with your local building inspector as to the need for a building permit
   and complience with any special bylaws.  Notify your insurance company
   that a coal range has been installed.

3. Unit must be installed by a qualified plumber.

1. When the range is put into the chimney opening with enamel top removed,
   all free spaces around the range should be filled with gravel or 'K' wool -
   anything but concrete or beach sand.  The space between H.W. cylinder and
   range boiler pipes through the wall can also be filled.  The edges and down the
   sides of range can be sealed with plaster or putty.

2. It is also very important to seal inside where the flue sits on top of range.  The
   gap between steel flue and cast spigot.  Access to this is made by removing the
   soot door and wing damper in flue.  Be careful to hold wing damper when
   removing soot door as it is possible for wing damper to drop into flue and is
   very difficult to retrieve from base of range.

3. The register sheet must be airtight.  Seal all gaps.

4. The flue must have clear exit into the chimney.  Must not be blocked by protruding
   brickwork or mortar.  Should be sealed where it penetrates register.

5. It is extremely important that the round copper pipes between H.W. cylinder
   and boiler or range are not less than 32mm dia (1 1/4") any reduction will
   cause efficiency loss and damage to the stainless steel wetback.  Also voids
   any guarantee.


INBUILT MODEL A 920 wide (range masonry gap) B 520 deep (range masonry gap) C 1350 high (range masonry gap) D 50mm thick (hearth) E 300 deep (hearth) -------------------------------------------------------------------

Shacklock Coal Range Instruction Manual

OPERATION OF RANGE -- 1. Ashbox Door Air Control - Open to full extent first lighting fire. Close required amount of air flow needed for normal use. Close completely for overnight banking. Experience with various fuels will show to what degree it may be shut. 2. Direct Damper Over Oven - Pull forward to open. It is only used to bring fire up quickly. Must be pushed fully closed when cooking. Do not leave fully open for long periods. 3. Flue Wing Damper - When handle vertical it is fully open and closed when horizontal. This is the control for the range and can be fully closed to bank fire. 4. Heat indicator on oven door is a visual measure of heat rather than a thermometer. In other words, should be treated as such and used in the light of owners cooking experience with the range. 5. Stoking - Firebox should be fed through the firedoor rather than the top. Fuel should not (if using coal) be allowed to be higher than the side of basket wall next to oven. The will give best heat and not cause unnecessary build-up of soot. Greater economy will be achieved. The motto is "a little more often than a lot at one time" CLEANING The air passages in the range and flue must be kept clear. The quality of fuel in use determines how frequently this needs to be done. Poorly installed ranges with poor drafts soot up more quickly. Tools For Cleaning Soot Rake and Flue Brush 1. Flue brush should be used up and down the flue to allow soot to drop to bottom of flue. 2. Soot from top of oven can be brushed off to oven top down through cavity to bottom of range. 3. Using soot rake through soot door at the bottom middle front of range. Soot should be dragged from rear bottom of flue and LH or RH sides of range. It is very important that these passages are kept clear. First sign of blockage is smoke emitting from the fire squares and lids. 4. Because of intense heat fire square and lid discolouration can be treated when warm with salt free fat (such as mutton fat) or black boot polish.

The Coal Range: Description

Ranges And Their Operation

Here's an instructive wood range video, not Orion related but still has some relevance.

Thu Sep 16 05:48:40 NZST 2010